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Supporting Resources for the Nature Trails Society

Shared Trail Resources

Mitcham, South Australia
The growing community trend towards unstructured recreation has
influenced the development of Council’s shared use trail network. The
social and environment impacts of horse riding, walking and mountain
bike riding through Mitcham’s reserves will always be greater than in
remote areas. Mitcham Council acknowledges this and therefore in the
mid 2000’s endorsed a trails strategy to implement and manage a Shared
Use Trail Network.

Australian Alpine National Park
Shared Trail Conflicts
"Social value conflicts originate from the formation of shared normative beliefs 
and negative attitudes adopted from other members of a group to reinforce 
a sense of belonging to this group, resulting in firm beliefs about socially acceptable
 activities (Rossi, Byrne, Pickering, & Reser, 2015). Research suggests that values,
 fundamental principles that filter environmental information, shape beliefs and 
attitudes, which in turn mediate perceptions as sensors/processors of the environment, 
resulting in specific behaviour towards other trail visitors (Rossi et al., 2015).” (471).

"Figure 4. Integrated model of trail-user conflicts and resolutions." (483)

Isabelle D. Wolf, Greg Brown & Teresa Wohlfart (2018) Applying public participation GIS
(PPGIS) to inform and manage visitor conflict along multi-use trails, Journal of Sustainable
Tourism, 26:3, 470-495, DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2017.1360315

Squamish, BC
Trails Standards
"…all public access trails are a “shared resource and a shared use” and
as such no public trails are of exclusive use. Different courtesies
and “rights of the road” may apply depending on the primary use of the
trail" (p. 2).

Shared Use Trails in Canada (2009)
As demand for additional managed trails in Canada is increasing, in
future years it will be even more important to share the scarce land
resources we have available for recreation (p. 4). The best known
example of a shared use trail in Canada is the Trans Canada Trail 
(p 5). Shared use trails in British Columbia represent a
total of 11,220 kilometres (including 978 kilometres of the Trans
Canada Trail which are on roads). This sub-total is more than 28% of
the total kilometres of trail in BC (2009 data). Trail user conflict
is a complex issue that is often best addressed by employing a
coordinated and multi-faceted approach to the issues. It may not be
possible to completely eliminate conflict; however a pro-active
approach to trail management can reduce the potential for conflict as
well as provide a framework for dealing with it when it arises (p.
34). Shared use trails are an efficient way to address this issue
because multiple trail user groups can access the same resources
through cooperation on shared use trail systems. However, there is a
need for trail management practices to be applied in order to reduce
conflict between user groups (60). Priority should be given to the
development of shared use trails wherever appropriate because that is
the most efficient way to invest public funds (p 61).

Jasper National Park
- Share the trail. Treat other users with courtesy and respect.
- Stay on the trail.
- Some trails are restricted to pedestrians only.
- Creating new trails without authorization is not allowed.

Canadian Trails Study (2010)
The users of trails such as the Iron Horse Trail in Alberta, the
Eastern Ontario Trail Alliance trail system in Ontario, the Ceilidh
Coastal Trail in Cape Breton and Newfoundland T'Railway all tell us
that their experience with a wide variety of different trail users has
been very good (p. 48).